Costa Luz Lawyers > Mortgages (Page 2)

Penalty interest for delay in mortgage or loan payments

Do not pay delay/penalty interest more than 2% above the agreed interest rate of the loan or mortgage If the penalty interest for payment delay of your loan (personal or mortgage) is more than 2% above the agreed interest rate of your loan or mortgage, the judge must maintain the rest of the clauses of the contract and cancel the clause relating to delay/penalty interest.  Nothing can be charged to the consumer if the rate is more than 2% above the agreed loan rate. Why 2 percentage points? The Supreme Court in Spain has considered 2% as the maximum which will not imply...

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Possibility of judicial declaration of nullity of foreclosure proceedings

Is it possible to obtain a judicial declaration of nullity of foreclosure proceedings when the request for payment to the defendant (mortgagor) has not been made with all the guarantees required by law, according to the interpretation made by the Spanish Constitutional Court? When a foreclosure proceeding is initiated in Spain, the mortgage debtor has very limited possibilities for opposition.  Hence the importance for the debtor to analyze in detail if the mortgage procedure complies with all procedural requirements. If the nullity of the mortgage process is approved by the Court, the consequences are that everything that has been done is not...

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Spanish Government announces law changes to force banks to pay mortgage tax

The Spanish Government has just passed a Decree by which mortgage lenders, rather than borrowers, will from November 12th, pay the Stamp Duty tax charged for the opening of the mortgage. The decree also ensures banks cannot deduct this cost on their tax returns. With this legislative decision, the executive government has over-ruled the Supreme Court’s recent decision which made the consumer pay the fee. The government justifies the fast decision due to the fact that the Supreme Court has created a big confusion: In mid-October the Supreme Court changed over 20 years of Case Law by ruling that banks, not borrowers,...

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Are agreements between the Bank and Consumer on Floor Clauses valid?

Very recently, on 15 June 2018, the Supreme Court issued a new ruling on a case relating to mortgage deeds novation modifying the floor clause through an agreement between the client and the financial institution. This judgment declares the nullity of the Floor Clause and the novation carried out subsequently through the signing of the agreement proposed by the bank to the client. What does the case decide? The case raises, as a matter of substance, the application of transparency control to a mortgage loan that included the so-called floor clause and that was subsequently the object of modifying novation. As stated in...

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European Union Commission on the IRPH clause in Mortgage Loans

The European Commission, in its observations to the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU), has positioned itself in favour of people affected by the mortgage index, IRPH, which directly opposes the judgment of the Supreme Court on the IRPH index in Spanish mortgages. This index, known as the ‘Index of Reference of Mortgage Loans’, (IRPH), affected 1.3 million mortgages. In those mortgages the interest rate was linked to the IRPH and not to the Euribor. IRPH is calculated by taking into account the loan interest rates offered by all financial entities and has always been much higher than the...

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Banks must pay Stamp Duty Tax on Mortgage Loans

The Spanish Supreme Court has recently ruled that the person who must pay Stamp Duty tax due on the registering of the public deeds of mortgage loans is the lending entity and not the borrower. In a Court Sentence dated 16 October 2018, the Supreme Court modifies its previous Case Law and interpreting the consolidated text of the law on property transfer tax and stamp duty tax, concludes that the borrower is not the taxpayer of the latter tax in the deeds of mortgage-backed loans. But the entity that provides the corresponding loan. It considers that the transaction subject to registration is...

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